This is the only complete official translation we know of on the web, copied directly from an official Fascist government publication ofFascism Doctrine and Institutions, by Benito Mussolini. This translation includes all the footnotes from the original. Subtitles in article have been put in by us to make the article more readable. The publication of this material is in no way whatsoever an endorsement of these viewpoints by the World Future Fund, unless explicitly stated by us.
The Fascists came to associate the term with the ancient Roman fasces or fascio littorio  —a bundle of rods tied around an axe,  an ancient Roman symbol of the authority of the civic magistrate  carried by his lictorswhich could be used for corporal and capital punishment at his command.
Definitions of fascism Historians, political scientists and other scholars have long debated the exact nature of fascism. He distinguishes an inter-war period in which it manifested itself in elite-led but populist "armed party" politics opposing socialism and liberalism and promising radical politics to rescue the nation from decadence.
Fascist philosophies vary by application, but remain distinct by one theoretic commonality. All traditionally fall into the far-right sector of any political spectrumcatalyzed by afflicted class identities over conventional social inequities  John LukacsHungarian-American historian and Holocaust survivor, argues that there is no such thing as generic fascism.
He claims that National Socialism and communism are essentially manifestations of populism and that states such as National Socialist Germany and Fascist Italy are more different than similar.
The more a person considers inequality to be unavoidable or even desirable, the further to the right he or she will be". These words in any case do not have a fixed and unchanged meaning: We don't give a damn about these empty terminologies and we despise those who are terrorized by these words".
The "Fascist left" included Michele BianchiGiuseppe BottaiAngelo Oliviero OlivettiSergio Panunzio and Edmondo Rossoniwho were committed to advancing national syndicalism as a replacement for parliamentary liberalism in order to modernize the economy and advance the interests of workers and common people.
While continuing to rely on Germany for support, Mussolini and the remaining loyal Fascists founded the Italian Social Republic with Mussolini as head of state.
Mussolini sought to re-radicalize Italian Fascism, declaring that the Fascist state had been overthrown because Italian Fascism had been subverted by Italian conservatives and the bourgeoisie.
Fascist insult The term "fascist" has been used as a pejorative regarding varying movements across the far right of the political spectrum. Should we say that she is Fascist?
Maurras distrusted what he considered the democratic mystification of the popular will that created an impersonal collective subject. Marinetti rejected conventional democracy based on majority rule and egalitarianism, for a new form of democracy, promoting what he described in his work "The Futurist Conception of Democracy" as the following: The Italian Socialist Party PSI opposed the war but a number of Italian revolutionary syndicalists supported war against Germany and Austria-Hungary on the grounds that their reactionary regimes had to be defeated to ensure the success of socialism.
Johann Plenge 's concept of the " Spirit of " identified the outbreak of war as a moment that forged nationalistic German solidarity Similar political ideas arose in Germany after the outbreak of the war. German sociologist Johann Plenge spoke of the rise of a "National Socialism" in Germany within what he termed the "ideas of " that were a declaration of war against the "ideas of " the French Revolution.Many accounts of the Nazi period depict a barely imaginable series of events, a nation gone mad.
That makes it easy to take comfort in the thought that it can’t happen again. But some depictions of Hitler’s rise are more intimate and personal.
They focus less on well-known leaders, significant events, state propaganda, murders, and war, and more on the details of individual lives. There are many brilliant—and popular—conservative songs. Here is our growing list (click the box next to "Billboard Rank" to list the most popular first).
Fascism is a complex ideology.
There are many definitions of fascism; some people describe it as a type or set of political actions, a political philosophy or a mass movement. They had America sewn up with the Republican and Democrat elites on board. They had Britain sewn up with Labor and the Conservative Party.
They had the EU, with their various proxies -- Shroder, Merkel in Germany; Chirac, Sarkozy, Hollande, in France -- ready, able and willing to carry water for the last remaining superpower.
PS — Eco’s isn’t the only fascism schwenkreis.com others are quite close, though some place more emphasis on elements like economic nationalism, cronyism, disdain for the arts, a culture of crime and punishment, the fetishization of a strong military, etc. THE LIBERTARIAN ALLIANCE is an independent, non-party group, brought together by a shared desire to work for a free society.
The Libertarian Alliance is pledged to fight statism in all its forms, and to engage in long range propaganda for the Libertarian alternative.